Construction industry

LEGISLATION

Finlex, Electrical Safety Act, Occupational Safety Act
Collective bargaining:

EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT FOR THE BUILDING PRODUCTS INDUSTRY 20.3.2014–29.2.2016

JOB SECURITY

Decree of the Government on the safety of construction work
Finlex, 205/2009
JOB SECURITY (collective agreement)
Section 20

JOB SECURITY
  1. Necessary measures are taken to avoid accidents
    to protect employee safety.
  2. Refusal to perform work for which the authorities
    prescribed security devices have not been made, the collective agreement does not have to be held
    as a refusal to work against
  3. The employee is obliged to comply with the occupational safety and health authorities
    and to protect the safety of the employer's employees
    given instructions.
  4. If expert opinions, occupational accident and occupational disease statistics
    or on the basis of another similar basis, jointly can
    state that with the use of special protective clothing or equipment
    there are occupational safety or health conditions in this work essentially
    healing effect, the employer procures such protective clothing
    or equipment at the workplace for use by the employee, for example giving it
    according to § 15 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, it would not be necessary. The above does not mean ordinary work clothes.
    The employer procures optically polished anti-glare safety glasses
    for those who need them in their work, unless the danger of glare cannot be prevented otherwise
    (e.g. by installing anti-glare films on work machines).
APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS:
  1. The cooperative body in the relationship referred to above is the company's occupational safety and health committee.
    The company's healthcare personnel should also be given the opportunity to express their opinion on the protective clothing or equipment proposed for purchase.
  2. When applying the provisions of paragraph 4 of this section, it is the main rule
    consider that the obligation to acquire protective clothing or equipment
    evaluated in accordance with § 15 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
    The procurement decision is made by the employer alone after confirming that the conditions mentioned in the law exist. If the employer considers that the provisions of Section 15 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act are not applicable to the case, but if based on occupational accident or occupational disease statistics or other similar criteria, jointly
    the Occupational Safety and Health Commission states that in other than the Occupational Safety and Health Act
    In the cases mentioned in § 15, the occupational safety or health conditions in a certain job can be substantially improved by acquiring such equipment, the employer acquires the protective clothing or equipment referred to in the collective agreement regulation for the use of the employee at the workplace. In the regulation, joint determination means that the occupational safety and health committee
    the various groups represented agree on the procurement proposal. Usual work clothes means clothing that an employee wears to prevent his own clothes or himself from getting dirty at work. As the saying goes
    protective clothing does not fall under the scope of this clause at all.
  3. In jobs where the wear and tear of work clothes is exceptionally high, the employer provides the employee with a reasonable amount of protective clothing.
  4. The employer acquires those who work in tasks that require accuracy
    if the job requires optically polished safety glasses, if occupational health care
    has found them necessary.
  5. When instructing new employees, attention is paid to occupational health and safety aspects.
    In the same way, matters related to the employment relationship and organizational and negotiation relations at the workplace are clarified.
  6. In the fields where the occupational health card must be used, the employer must
    when concluding an employment contract, ensure that
    the employee has his own personal occupational health card.40
    The employee must carry the occupational health card with him at the construction site.
    To supervise the organization of occupational health care for the employee
    an occupational health card must be shown to the employer.

EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION 1.10.2014 – 31.1.2017

§ 22 WORKING TOOLS AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
  1. The employer is obliged to keep the decent, up-to-date and safe tools required for each job available free of charge.
  2. Protective equipment
    An employed employee is given a protective suit, safety footwear, safety helmet, hearing protectors and safety glasses, which are sharpened according to vision, if necessary. On average, two protective suits and safety footwear are given once a year, unless the conditions or the need for use require otherwise. Other similar procedures and maintenance of work clothes can be agreed upon in the company.

    1. In addition, depending on the working conditions, the employee must be provided with appropriate protective clothing, such as:
      a thermal coverall or equivalent required by cold weather conditions and footwear that meets other special requirements for workwear, such as thermal safety footwear
    2. wet conditions require rainwear and waterproof footwear.

Protective clothing must take into account the fire safety required by the working conditions.

The employee is obliged to use the equipment handed over to him in accordance with occupational safety regulations and the requirements of the work site.

11.2 EXTRA DIRTY AND VERY HEAVY WORK
  1. When an employee has to work in conditions that, based on the special conditions, must be considered very dirty or very heavy, he is paid for the working hours when he to perform the work, add separately according to the following table the day mentioned in it closest to the beginning of the salary payment period: 1.10.2014 €/h 1.2.2016 €/h
    0.42 0.42
    The minimum amount of the supplement paid per working day for very dirty jobs is four times the above-mentioned supplement. It is not possible to compile an example list of very heavy jobs. However, the lack of a list must not be an obstacle to paying extra for very heavy work, if the work to be performed is substantially different from heavy work in the field. If the work is both very dirty and very heavy at the same time, the above-mentioned extras will not be paid twice.
  2. The above-mentioned extras are not paid for very dirty jobs, when the employee is provided with necessary and sufficient protective clothing.

CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT WITH CONTRACT PRICING
2014–2016

§ 37 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
  1. The employer provides the employee with overalls or a jacket and trousers suitable for work tasks and safety footwear. On average, protective clothing is given twice and safety footwear once a year, unless another procedure is justified due to the circumstances or the need for use (for example, abnormally heavy or low wear of the protective clothing, low need for safety footwear). It is up to the employer to decide what kind of protective clothing and safety footwear he considers more appropriate and how they are distributed in practice. Protective clothing and safety footwear must be suitable for each season. Protective clothing and safety footwear are the property of the employer. When receiving new protective clothing TES or safety footwear, the employee must return the old ones to the employer. Similarly, at the end of the employment relationship, the employee must return the protective clothing and safety footwear in his possession. The employee himself takes care of the maintenance and cleanliness of the protective clothing and safety footwear. The employer can locally agree with the main shop steward or occupational health and safety representative on a company-specific procedure by which those employees who want safety footwear for their own contribute to the cost of their purchase.
  2. The employer provides the employee with the bottom cover of the protective helmet
    (helmet cap). It should protect the head from cold and draft. The employee takes care of keeping the hat clean. Upon termination of employment, the employee must return the helmet to the employer.
  3. The employer provides an oil-impermeable protective suit for the employees performing cleaning and oiling work on oiled large molds, and a protective suit that protects other clothing for the employee performing tarring and pitching work, and rain suits for the concrete workers.
  4. The employer will purchase optically polished safety glasses for those working in tasks that require precision, if the work requires it, if the occupational health service has determined that they are necessary.
  5. The employer will purchase optically polished anti-glare safety glasses for those who need them at work, unless the risk of glare cannot be prevented otherwise (e.g. by installing anti-glare films on work machines).
  6. The employer acquires attention colors integrated into the safety harness
    tool vests for those who need them at work.

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY-WARMING INDUSTRY CONTRACT AGREEMENT
2014–2016 (20.3.2014–29.2.2016)

§ 23 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND WORK EQUIPMENT
23.1 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

Protective suits and safety footwear are given to the employee in the employment relationship to own or use. On average, two protective suits and one pair of safety footwear are given per year, unless the conditions or the need for use require otherwise. Other similar procedures and maintenance of work clothes can be agreed upon in the company.

When organizing protective clothing, the following must also be taken into account:

  • fire safety of workwear
  • cold weather conditions, in which case appropriate thermal coveralls or similar and other special requirements for work clothing are given to use or own.
23.2 OPTICAL GOGGLES

For those working in tasks that require precision, e.g. welding, the employer will purchase optically polished safety glasses when the occupational health service has determined that they are necessary.

23.3 TOOLS

The employer is obliged to keep the proper, up-to-date and safe work tools for plumbers and air conditioning installers required for each job available to the employee free of charge.

EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT IN THE PAINTING INDUSTRY WITH CONTRACT PRICING
20.3.2014–29.2.2016

§ 27 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
  1. The employer provides the employee with the bottom cover of the protective helmet (helmet cap). It should be protected from cold and drafts. The employee takes care of keeping the hat clean. Upon termination of employment, the employee must return the helmet to the employer.
  2. The employer provides the employee with a protective suit at the start of the employment relationship. The employee takes care of keeping the protective suit clean. When the employment relationship ends, the employee must return the last received protective suit to the employer. Protective suits are given twice per calendar year. If the employer and the employee so agree, the employer can give the employee two
    pants. The employer hands over safety footwear suitable for the job to the employee at the start of the employment relationship. Safety shoes are given once per calendar year. Footwear must be worn when working.
    Upon termination of employment, the employee must return the last footwear received to the employer. However, safety shoes do not need to be given to students who are working during their vacations.
  3. The employer insures the employee's clothing and work equipment in case of fire at the workplace and is responsible for their preservation at the workplace if they are stored in a place reserved for the purpose by the employer, for which the employer must obtain a lock. If the employee's clothes, gloves or footwear are damaged while handling acids or other chemicals at work without being able to reasonably clean the clothes to make them usable, the employer will pay compensation for the damaged clothes.
    ❑ Minute entry:
    When purchasing protective clothing, occupational safety, working conditions (e.g. temperature) and the appropriate size and model of overalls and shoes for each employee must be taken into account.
  4. The employer acquires safety glasses with strength (standard EN 167) for those employees who need and use glasses with strength in their work.
  1. Personal protective equipment
    Personal protective equipment is personal or everyone has it
    to be appropriately cleaned (disinfected) after the user

    • If the circumstances so require:
      Hearing protection must be used if there is noise at the workplace
      (over 85 dBA).
    • Respiratory protection must be used, if the workplace
      there are pollutants in the air that require protection.
      Eye protection must be used if working may cause
      itching, irritation or inflammation in the eyes.
  2. Protection in different work phases with different products
    Breakdown by duration of work

    1. Continuous work = Work requiring protection is carried out
      as a rule, more than 2 hours per working day.
    2. Temporary work = Work requiring protection
      is done randomly and for a short time at a time, no more than 2 hours
      on a working day, at most 1-2 times a week.
      Protective devices to be used according to the minimum level
2.1 MECHANICAL LEVELING WORKS
  • Hearing protection, standard EN 352-1
  • Respirator FFP2S, standard EN 149
  • Protective gloves, according to standard EN 388 or with leather surface
    CE approved
  • Safety glasses, standard EN 166/167
2.2 GRINDING WORKS

a) Continuous working

  • Respirator, motorized, equipped with a particle filter
    full or half mask, standard EN 12942
  • Protective gloves, according to standard EN 388 or with leather surface
    CE approved
  • Safety glasses, standard EN 166/167

b) Temporary employment

  • Respirator FFP2S, standard EN 12942
  • Protective gloves, standard EN 388 or leather surface CE approved
  • Safety glasses, standard EN 166/167
2.3 GOAL REMOVAL
2.3.1 MECHANICAL PAINT REMOVAL
  • Hearing protectors if necessary, standard EN 352-2
  • Respirator FFP2S, standard EN 149
  • Protective gloves, standard EN 388 or leather surface CE approved
  • Safety glasses, standard EN 166/167
2.3.2 CHEMICAL PAINT REMOVAL
  • Respirator, motorized with gas filter
    full or half mask, standard EN 140
  • Protective gloves, standard EN 374
  • Suitable protective clothing
2.3.3 HEAT-BASED PAINT REMOVAL
  • Respirator, motorized with gas filter
    full or half mask, standard EN 140
  • Protective gloves, according to standard EN 407
  • Suitable protective clothing
2.4 ROLLER/BRUSH PAINTING WITH WATER-THINNED PAINTS
  • Protective gloves, standard EN 388 or leather surface CE approved
2.5 ROLLER/BRUSH PAINTING WITH PAINTS OR VARNISHES CONTAINING SOLVENTS (ALKYD, EPOXY, POLYURETHANE, ETC.)
  • Respirator, motorized with gas filter
    full or half mask, standard EN 136
  • Protective gloves, selected according to the product to be used, e.g. suitable protective clothing according to standard EN 374
2.6 SPRAY PAINTING WITH WATER-THINNED PAINTS

a) Continuous working

  • Respirator, equipped with a gas and particle filter
    motorized or compressed air-powered full mask, e.g.
    standard EN 140
  • Protective gloves, standard EN 388 or leather surface CE approved
  • One-piece hooded coverall or coverall (with detachable hood)

b) Temporary employment

  • Respirators FFP2S, standard EN 149
  • Protective gloves, standard EN 388 or leather surface CE approved
  • Suitable protective clothing
2.7 SPRAY PAINTING WITH PAINTS CONTAINING SOLVENTS (ALKYD, EPOXY, POLYURETHANE, ETC.)

a) Continuous working

  • Respirator, equipped with a gas and particle filter
    motorized or compressed air-powered full mask, standard EN 136
  • Protective gloves, according to standard EN 374
  • One-piece hooded coverall or coverall (and detachable hood),
    standard EN 14605

b) Temporary employment

  • Respirator, full mask equipped with gas and
    with particle filter, standard EN 136
  • Protective gloves, according to standard EN 374
  • One-piece hooded coverall or coverall (and detachable hood)
2.8. SHOWER CLEANING
  • Hearing protectors, standard EN 352-1
  • Sandblaster's protective hood (helmet)
  • Protective gloves, standard EN 388 or leather surface CE approved
  • One-piece hooded coverall or coverall (and detachable hood)
    and a dust-proof coverall
2.9. ROLLER/BRUSH PAINTING WITH EPOXY AND POLYURETHANE PAINTS OR COATINGS CONTAINING SOLVENTS

a) Continuous working

  • Respirator, equipped with a gas and particle filter
    motorized or compressed air-powered full mask, standard EN 136
  • Protective gloves, according to standard EN 374 (nitrile rubber)
  • One-piece hooded coverall or coverall (and detachable hood),
    standard 14605

b) Temporary employment

  • Respirator, full mask equipped with gas and
    with particle filter, standard EN 136
  • Protective gloves, according to standard EN 374 (nitrile rubber)
  • One-piece hooded coverall or coverall (with detachable hood)
STATE COUNCIL REGULATION ON CONSTRUCTION WORK SAFETY

In accordance with the decision of the Government, which was made on the basis of the presentation of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (738/2002) issued on August 23, 2002, it is established:

§ 71 THE NEED FOR PERSONAL PROTECTION IN BUILDINGS

In addition to what is stipulated in the Government Decision (1407/1993) on the selection and use of personal protective equipment at work, what is stipulated in subsections 2–8 of this section must be taken into account in construction work. The employer must select personal protective equipment based on the identification of the hazards to the safety and health of the employee and an assessment of their importance. A safety helmet must be worn at the construction site. If necessary, the helmet must be equipped with an underhood. Personal eye protection required by the work and working conditions must be used in construction work. The employer must provide employees with protective glasses in those jobs where there is a significant risk of eye injury. When using a harness-type safety belt with a rope, a safety rope with a self-acting length regulator must be used if the length of the rope has to be constantly adjusted.

SAFETY FOOTWEAR MUST BE USED ON A CONSTRUCTION SITE.

Knee protectors must be used for floor work and other similar work that puts strain on the knees.
On the construction site, reflective warning clothing must be worn so that the worker can be seen clearly. When working in road and street areas or other places used for traffic, you must wear protective clothing, which is regulated separately.

Laws, regulations and decisions concerning the construction industry and the selection of personal protective equipment
The selection and use of personal protective equipment is based on the Government's decision VNp 1407/1993 on the selection and use of personal protective equipment at work, and the Occupational Safety Act 738/2002. According to Government Decree 205/2009 on the construction industry, safety clothing, knee pads, a protective helmet with a hood, safety glasses and safety shoes must be worn at the construction site.

Personal protective equipment is a device, tool or protective clothing designed to be used by a person to protect against one or more hazards that threaten health or safety (Government Decision, VNp 1406/1993).

The employer must acquire and provide the employee with personal protective equipment that meets the separately regulated requirements and is suitable for the purpose (Work Safety Act 738/2002, § 15).

According to the government decree, the following personal protective equipment must be used on the construction site

  • Warning clothing EN 471 class 2 and in traffic control class 3
  • Knee pads, for floor work and other similar work
  • Helmet, equipped with an underhood if necessary
  • Eye protection if there is a significant risk of eye injury at work
  • Harness type fall arresters
  • Safety footwear

Protective gloves are not mentioned in the construction industry regulation. The assessment of hand protection must be based on the risk assessment of the workplace.

SELECTION OF PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND RISK ASSESSMENT

The selection of work and protective clothing must always be based on the risk assessment of the workplace. Work clothes with a smooth surface protect against dirt and normal dust. Normal work clothes are not protective clothes. CE-marked and type-approved protective clothing always protects against a certain type of harm or danger. The label of the protective clothing has the CE mark and an image code indicating the danger or area of ​​use and the number of the standard.

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
  • The sandblaster's protective clothing protects the skin from the sand flying under pressure during blasting.
  • The welder's protective clothing protects against sparks generated during welding.
  • When working with voltage, it may be necessary, based on a risk assessment, to use fire-resistant protective clothing that protects against the thermal effects of the electric arc.
  • Cold protective clothing protects against cold and frost.
  • Metsur's cut protectors provide protection from chainsaw blade cuts.
  • Visible warning clothing increases the visibility of its wearer when working among moving machines and traffic.

Please note: The standard EN 471 concerning safety clothing has been replaced by the new standard EN ISO 20471, as of 30.9.2013. Safety clothing that complies with standard EN 471 and the new standard EN ISO 20471 can be sold and used.

Sources :

  • http://www.finlex.fi/data/tes/stes432-TT115Maalaus1403.pdf
  • https://www.finlex.fi/data/tes/stes4484-TT72Rakennus1403.pdf
  • https://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/alkup/2009/20090205
  • http://www.finlex.fi/data/tes/stes4463-TT146TaloLvi1403.pdf
  • http://sahkoliitto-fi-bin.directo.fi/@Bin/edfa4e7809a10125e63c654d459be7c3/1442558025/application/pdf/987823/Rakennustuoteustoinn%20tes%202014-2016.pdf
  • http://sahkoliitto-fi-bin.directo.fi/@Bin/01e4af781a25d220de2d21ec53f3f4f6/1442558707/application/pdf/1320782/S%C3%A4hk%C3%B6asensualan%20TES%202014-2017.pdf
  • https://rakennusliitto.fi/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/raktuoteoteolltes2014netti.pdf
  • http://www.ttl.fi/fi/tyoturvallissi_ja_riskien_hallinta/henkilonsuojaimet/suozainratkisuja/rakennusala_suojavaatetus/sivut/default.aspx
  • http://www.ttl.fi/fi/tyoturvallissi_ja_riskien_hallinta/henkilonsuojaimet/kaytto/suojavaatetus/nakyvys/sivut/default.aspx
  • http://www.ttl.fi/fi/tyoturvallissi_ja_riskien_hallinta/henkilonsuojaimet/kaytto/suojavaatetus/kylmansuojvaatetus/sivut/default.aspx